News / Corona virus Disease 2019(COVID 19) Overview

Virus Name Details
Corona virus Family of viruses and infectious disease virus.
Similarity COVID 19 it is Genetically similar to SARS.
origination From China
Symptoms Fever, Cough, Shortness of breath / difficulty breathing, Tiredness Aches, Runny nose, Sore throat.
Note: Signs and symptoms of COVID-19 may appear 2 to 14 days after exposure
Causes / Complications Kidney failure, pneumonia in both lungs, Organ failure in several organs and death.
Spreads from Person to person when droplets (saliva or discharge from the nose) produced when an infected person speaks, coughs / sneezes can land in the mouth, nose or eyes of people who are nearby. Or spreads if a person touches a surface with the virus on it and then touches his or her mouth, nose or eyes.
Prevention No vaccine available to prevent infection.
Steps to Prevent Infection
1. Avoid large events and mass gatherings.
2. Avoid close contact (about 6 feet) with anyone who is sick or has symptoms.
3. Keep distance between yourself and others if COVID-19 is spreading in your community, especially if you have a higher risk of serious illness.
4. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
5. Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw away the used tissue.
6. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth if your hands aren't clean.
7. Avoid sharing dishes, glasses, bedding and other household items if you're sick.
8. Clean and disinfect surfaces you often touch on a daily basis.
9. Stay home from work, school and public areas if you're sick, unless you're going to get medical care. Avoid taking public transportation if you're sick.
10. Clean your hands by alcohol based hand rubber / soap / water which eliminate virus when you touch it.
Treatment Pain relievers (ibuprofen or acetaminophen) , Cough syrup / medication, Rest, Fluid intake, oxygen and ventilator support and Remdesivir, hydroxychloroquine and favipiravir are novel antiviral drugs (for RNA viruses such corona viruses (including MERS and SARS viruses)) has been given to the people under government control / supervision along with other medicines based on the countries and they use.
Serious For older people / people with heart / lung disease / diabetes / people with other respiratory illnesses, such as influenza.
WHO recommendations 1. Avoid eating raw / undercooked meat or animal organs. 2. Avoid contact with live animals and surfaces they may have touched if you're visiting live markets in areas that have recently had new corona virus cases.
Detection Test PCR Test (Polymerase chain reaction) identifies the type of corona by its Genetic finger prints and Chest CT also has to be done to detect viral pneumonia.
Corona Virus Types Severe acute respiratory syndrome / SARS(Indentified in chaina 2003, transmitted from cats to humans), Middle East respiratory syndrome / MERS(Indentified in saudi Arabia transmitted from camels to humans), COVID 2019 / NOVEL CARONA (Indentified in chaina 2003, transmitted from is unknown to humans)

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