Hinduism / Major Hindu Festivals List

S.No Festival Name Festival celebration Purpose
1 Bhogi It is celebrated in honour of Lord Indra as a god of rain.
2 Makar Sankranti / Pongal and Lohri It marks beginning of new harvest season and end of Winter season.
3 Vasant Panchami / Basant Panchami / Saraswati Puja It marks the preparation for the arrival of spring.
4 Thaipusam / Kavadi It is celebrated to say thank you Lord Murugan, a son of Shiva.
5 Maha Shivaratri It celebrated yearly in honour of the god Shiva. On this day people chants of 'Om Namah Shivaya' and 'Har Har Mahadev'.

Stories Surrounding Maha Shivaratri
1. Lord Shiva married Parvati on this day
2. To honor the savior Lord Shiva consumed poison for saving both the Gods and mankind and Lord’s throat turned him blue.
3. God Sadashiv appeared in the form of a Lingodhbhav Moorthi at midnight.
6 Holi / festival of spring It is celebrated as a victory of good over evil.
7 Shigmo / Shishirotsava It is celebrated is a part of Holi in goa.
8 Rang Panchami It is celebrated as a part to worship of the clear form of Gods which activates 5 elements of radiant manifest colours and to touch and feel the Deities who are attracted to the respective colours.
9 Gangaur It is celebrated by married a woman who worships God Parvati for longevity and good health of their husbands and unmarried women worship the goddess to get a good husband.
10 Vasant Navratri It is celebrated for the victory of Durga over demon Mahishasura. i.e celebrated for the victory of Good over Evil.
11 Rama Navami It is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Lord Rama
12 Gudi Padwa, Chetichand / Samvatsar Padvo It is celebrated to recall and show respect for ceremony of crowning a king as Rama post his return to Ayodhya after completing 14 years of exile.
13 Ugadi It is celebrated as for marking the beginning of a new era and a new Hindu lunar calendar
14 Mesha Sankranti / Sankramana / Hindu New Year It marks the starting of the New Year in the traditional Solar calendar
15 Vishu It is celebration specifies sun's transit into the Meda Raasi (marks beginning of spring) in in the Malayali tradition. Lord Vishnu and his incarnation Lord Krishna are worshipped on this day.
16 Tamil New Year / Puthandu It is the first day of the Chithirai month and marks the beginning of the Tamil calendar.
17 Bihu It is celebrated for “to ask blessings and prosperity from the Gods" during harvesting season.
18 Hanuman Jayanti It is celebrated to exist the birth of Lord Hanuman who is also considered to be one of the incarnations of Lord Shiva.
19 Sitalsasthi It is to celebrate the marriage of Gouri and Shankar.
20 Vat Savitri / Vat Amavasya It is celebrated by married women who pray banana tree for the long life and good health of their husband.
21 Bonalu It is celebrated to consider a thanks giving to the Goddess (Mahakali) for fulfillment of vows.
22 Bathukamma It celebrated to thank Goddess Parvati for her blessings for the crop harvest and income she helped generate this (current) year and again ask her blessing for the next year.
23 Rath Jatra / Rath Yatra / Chariot festival It is celebrated at the temple of Jagannath for the purpose to pray God Jagannath/ Krishna/Vishnu/ Rama.
24 Raja Parba recall and show respect for
25 Guru Purnima It is celebrated to honour our teacher who clears the darkness from our minds.
26 Mahalakshmi Vrata / Varalakshmi Vratham It is celebrated by women for their own well being and that of all their family members.
27 Onam It is celebrated to welcome King Mahabali, whose spirit visits Kerala at the time of Onam.
28 Raksha Bandhan It is celebrated the love of a brother for his sister.
29 Teejdi It is celebrated to remember the reunion of Shiva and Parvati, the day when Shiva accepted Parvati as his wife.
30 Shitla Satam It is celebrated in honor of Goddess Shitala / Goddess of measles and pox to receive protection against smallpox or similar diseases and is done by Gujaratis.
31 Krishna Janmaashtami / Janmashtami / Gokulashtami It is celebrated as the birth of the god Krishna.
32 Radhastami It is commemorating the birth anniversary of the goddess Radha, consort of the god Krishna. She is the incarnation or avatar of Goddess Lakshmi As per Hindu beliefs.
33 Gowri Habba It celebrates the goddess Gowri / Gauri / Parvati who is respected as the mother of Ganesha.
34 Ganesh Chaturthi It is celebrated annually to mark the birth of Lord Ganesha, the God of new beginnings and a fresh start.
35 Nuakhai It is celebrated newly harvested food by the farmers in in the Western part of Odisha.
36 Navaratri It is celebrated as a victory of Durga over demon Mahishasura and celebrates the victory of Good over Evil.
37 Durga Puja It is celebrated as a victory of the goddess Durga over the demon king Mahishasura.
38 Vijayadashami / Dussehra / Dasara It is celebrated as a victory of Rama over the demon king Ravana, who abducted Rama's wife, Sita.
39 Govatsa Dwadashi / Vasu Baras Its celebration is dedicated to worshipping the cow and marks the 1st day of Diwali.s
40 Diwali or Deepavali It is a celebration of the day Lord Rama returned to his kingdom Ayodhya with his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana after defeating Ravana in Lanka.
41 Bhai dooj It is celebrating the unconditional love bond between a brother and a sister.
42 Karva Chauth / Atla Tadde It is celebrated by married women for longevity and good health of their husbands.
43 Kartik Poornima It is celebrated for the victory of Lord Shiva over Devil Tripurasur along with birthday of Lord Kartikeya.
44 Chhath It is celebrated in honour of the solar deity, Surya and his sister Shashti Devi (Chhathi Maiya), in order to get their blessing and to thank them.
45 Kanda Shashti /Skanda Sashti Kavasam It corresponds to the birth day of Lord Kartikeya / Skanda Sashti Kumar / Muruga, Subramanya.
46 Champa Sashti It is celebrated as the victory of Khandoba against the demons Mani Malla.
47 Yatra Uncle Kansa of Lord Krishna and Balram invited them to Mathura to kill them.
48 Karthikai Deepam It is believed to avoid being hit by evil forces and it brings in prosperity and joy.
49 Pancha Ganapati It celebration to Hindu families a way to participate in the holiday season without compromising their Hindu values
50 Kumbh Mela It is celebrated to bring Hindu holy men together to discuss their faith and disseminate information about their religion.
51 Godavari Pushkaram / Purna Kumbha Mela It is celebrated every 3 years by going on a pilgrimage in the hope of washing away their past sins.
52 Sama Chakeva It is a festival that marks the affectionate brother sister relationship in Maithili religion.
53 Tulsi Pujan Diwas It is celebrated planted plant tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum) and worshiped it.
54 Naga Panchami It is celebrated at temples to worship snake deities.

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