General Knowledge / Nutrient Sources List and their Deficiency diseases

It is substance that is absorbed and provides energy, enables growth and repairsthe body.

Nutrients Classes: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water.

Nutrients Excess and deficiencies causes problems in the body.

Nutrient Sources List and their Deficiency diseases
Nutrients Deficiency Excess
Food Energy lower physical and mental abilities; starvation, marasmus obesity, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease
Simple carbohydrates None diabetes mellitus, obesity
Complex carbohydrates None obesity
Saturated fat low sex hormone levels cardiovascular disease
Trans fat none cardiovascular disease
Unsaturated fat none obesity
Fat during development: stunted brain development and reduced brain weight; neurodegenerative diseases; malabsorption of fat-soluble vitamins, rabbit starvation (if protein intake is high), cardiovascular disease
Omega-3 fats cardiovascular disease bleeding, hemorrhages
Omega-6 fats none cardiovascular disease, cancer
Cholesterol during development: deficiencies in myelinization of the brain; demyelination of the brain and neurodegenerative diseases (multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer) cardiovascular disease
Protein kwashiorkor
Sodium hyponatremia hypernatremia, hypertension
Iron anemia cirrhosis, cardiovascular disease
Iodine goiter, hypothyroidism Iodine toxicity (goiter, hypothyroidism)
Vitamin A xerophthalmia and night blindness, low testosterone levels hypervitaminosis A (cirrhosis, hair loss)
Vitamin B1 beriberi
Vitamin B2 cracking of skin and corneal unclearation
Niacin pellagra dyspepsia, cardiac arrhythmias, birth defects
Vitamin B12 pernicious anemia
Vitamin C scurvy diarrhea causing dehydration
Vitamin D rickets, osteoporosis, balance, immune system, inflammation hypervitaminosis D (dehydration, vomiting, constipation)
Vitamin E nervous disorders hypervitaminosis E (anticoagulant: excessive bleeding)
Vitamin K hemorrhage
Calcium osteoporosis, tetany, carpopedal spasm, laryngospasm, cardiac arrhythmias fatigue, depression, confusion, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, constipation, pancreatitis, increased urination
Magnesium hypertension weakness, nausea, vomiting, impaired breathing, and hypotension
Potassium hypokalemia, cardiac arrhythmias hyperkalemia, palpitations

Nutrients Consists of
Vitamin A Retinol, Retinoic Acid, Beta-Carotene
Vitamin B1 Thiamine
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin
Vitamin B3 Niacin or Nicotinic Acid
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pyridoxal, Pyridoxamine
Vitamin B7 Biotin
Vitamin B9 Folic Acid
Vitamin B12 Various Cobalamins
Vitamin C L-Ascorbic Acid
Vitamin D Calciferol (D2) & Cholecalciferol (D3)
Vitamin E Tochopherols & Tocotrienols
Essential Fatty Acids Omega 3 (Alpha Linolenic Acid) and Omega 6 (Linolenic Acid)
Vitamin K Phylloquinone (K1), Menaquinone (K2)

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